Ministry of finance of Montenegro, Department of Public Revenues
The Department of Public Revenues is an administrative unit whose basic duties are collection system, tax regulations, implementation of laws and other regulations. Department is one of the units of the Ministry of finance.
Montenegrin tax system is compatible with tax systems of developed European countries, EU directives, countries in transition particularly countries from region, regarding types of taxes and regarding procedures of determining collection methods and audit procedure. Tax system is based on direct and indirect taxes.
Direct taxes are those taxes that tax payers pay individually; such are real estate taxes and personal income taxes.
Indirect taxes are those taxes that are calculated and collected by intermediaries; such are VAT, excise duty and import duty.
Every person who generates income in Montenegro is obligatory to pay taxes.
Montenegrin tax system comprises:
- personal income tax
- property tax
- income tax
- excise duty
- sales tax on vehicles tax
- games of chance tax
Relevant bodies of local administration decide on tax rates, for consumption tax and local income tax (local surtax), which are not the same in all municipalities.
Tax payer who pays personal income tax is resident i.e. non-resident natural person who generates income.
Personal income is income that tax payer generates from employment.
- Income from employer is gross income, tax rate is calculated proportionally, incomes from and to personal incomes are calculated (from- employees income; to – employers charge).
- Income from self-employment is autonomous activity calculated by proportional rate.-Property and property rights income tax is calculated proportionally, annual report is submitted to GPFL.
- Capital is calculated by proportional rate 9% (dividend and interest).
- Tax payers (old age and disability insurance, and health insurance) are: employees, persons who perform temporary and occasionally work, foreigners employed in Montenegro at foreign legal and natural persons, persons employed in international organizations and institutions, as well as foreigners employed at Montenegrin legal or natural persons. Tax base is calculated in accordance with the Law, i.e. collective agreement and employment contract.
Resident and non-resident persons practice the same rights and obligations.
Tax base is gross income, and this determines amount of income and not number of family members and if spouse is supported.
Local income tax for personal incomes is 15% for Podgorica and Cetinje, and 13% for Niksic.
Avoidance of double taxation
Avoidance of double taxation has greater importance than provisions of this Law. In tax calculations, after taxes are collected from income that non-resident legal persons generates, income payer applies provisions of the agreement on avoidance of double taxation, if non-resident proves that he/she is resident of country with which Montenegro has signed this agreement. Evidence of being a resident of country with which Montenegro has signed an agreement on avoidance of double taxation is proved with income payer with a certificate or other document verified by relevant body of residence country.
Agreements on avoidance of double taxation are kept at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.